A Beginner's Guide to Magento Website Development: Understanding the Platform's Architecture, Installation Steps, and Setting Up a New E-commerce Website

Magento is an open-source e-commerce platform that allows businesses to create and manage their online stores. It was first released in 2008 and has since become one of the most popular e-commerce platforms in the world, powering over 250,000 online stores.


Magento is built using the Zend Framework and uses an MVC (Model-View-Controller) architecture. This means that the code is separated into different modules, each responsible for handling a specific task. For example, the Model is responsible for handling data and business logic, the View is responsible for displaying the user interface, and the Controller is responsible for handling user requests and responses.


To install Magento, you need to have a web server (such as Apache or Nginx) and a database server (such as MySQL or MariaDB) installed on your system. Once you have these installed, you can download the Magento installation files and extract them to a directory on your web server. From there, you can run the Magento installation script, which will guide you through the setup process.

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Setting up a new website:

To set up a new website using Magento, you need to follow a few steps:

  1. Choose a hosting provider: You will need to choose a hosting provider that meets the requirements for running Magento. This includes having a web server and database server that meet the minimum requirements.

  2. Install Magento: Once you have chosen a hosting provider, you can install Magento using the steps outlined above.

  3. Configure your website: After installing Magento, you will need to configure your website. This includes setting up your store's name, address, and currency, as well as configuring payment and shipping options.

  4. Customize your website: Once your website is set up, you can customize it by adding themes, extensions, and custom code. This will allow you to add new features to your website and make it more visually appealing.

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Overall, Magento is a powerful e-commerce platform that offers a wide range of features and customization options. By following the steps above, you can set up a new website using Magento and start selling your products online.